The Iraq War & Archaeology
Reviewed Articles Archive Sixty: Second 1/2 of September 2005





This is the sixtieth archive of the reviewed articles of The Iraq War & Archaeology web site.


Francis Deblauwe, Ph.D.




The articles and other information are listed chronologically, most recent first.
Almost all are accessible for free (or after a free registration) on the internet.  Each time, I try to draw attention to the most relevant tidbits of information, esp. things that were not mentioned before; occasionally, I provide some comment.  The usual warning applies: many links become defective with time.  Inclusion in the list does not in any way mean that I necessarily agree with the opinions expressed in an article.  But for a few exceptions, the occasional photos and figures accompanying reviewed articles are just hotlinked images on other web sites, in other words: do not download them or request permission to publish them from me, for I do not own the copyright to them in any way!  Please do contact the rightful owners if you would like to use them for publication purposes. Finally, for the sake of convenience, all articles and so on are assumed to have been published on US web sites unless indicated otherwise.


  • N. Agnew and G. Palumbo, "Protecting Iraq’s Sites and Monuments. Support for a Nation’s Keepers of Cultural Heritage," in Conservation. The Getty Conservation Institute Newsletter, 20, 3 (Fall 2005): "Donny George, current chairman of Iraq's State Board of Antiquities and Heritage (SBAH), stated in Newsweek in March 2005 that there are around eleven thousand registered sites in the country and that many thousands of objects were removed from those sites between 1991 and 2005 (but especially after the war of March 2003), without any possibility of their being recorded or of anyone's knowing what was illegally exported. Former Coalition Provisional Authority official John Russell, writing in 2005 in Architectural Record, estimated that some 400,000 to 600,000 cultural artifacts have been removed from these sites since spring 2003. It is safe to assume that many previously unknown or unexplored sites are being looted as well." "The initiative's first major training program for SBAH staff was conducted in Amman, Jordan (see Conservation, vol. 20, no. 1), in late 2004." "During the first half of 2005, the GCI-WMF initiative held three short-term training activities for SBAH personnel. These included a one-week GPS course in April in Amman, a two-week program on the rapid assessment methodology and recording tools for SBAH personnel from Babylon, held at the British Museum (with support from UNESCO and the involvement of University College London), and a ten-day metric survey course in June in Amman, taught by specialists from English Heritage and Leica Geosystems. In August and September 2005, ... an additional monthlong training program in Jordan for twenty-one SBAH personnel, including the directors of the SBAH offices from the governorates of Babylon, Basra, Kirkuk, and Nineveh. The course included modules on the rapid site assessment methodology and the use of site recording tools; it also focused on site condition assessment and recording, international heritage conventions, charters and organizations, and site management planning. In addition to this training, since fall 2004, the GCI-WMF initiative has been supporting English-language classes in Iraq for SBAH personnel who are participating in the initiative's courses." "... the Jordanian Department of Antiquities. When its director general, Fawwaz al-Khraysheh, was asked whether the resources of the department could be used to support the training initiatives, his reply was, 'We must help our Iraqi brothers.'" "The initiative is also fortunate in having the participation of several expatriate Iraqi professionals ..."

    Photo 1: "Temple facade at the ancient site of Umma (Tell Jokha) in southern Iraq, destroyed by looters looking for inscribed bricks. Since spring 2003, hundreds of thousands of cultural artifacts have been removed from archaeological sites throughout Iraq. Photo: Joanne Farchakh-Bajjaly."

    Photo 2: "Donny George (center), chairman of Iraq's State Board of Antiquities and Heritage (SBAH), along with Burhan Shakir (right), director general of excavations at SBAH, and Ihsan Fethi (left), dean of the Faculty of Arts at Amman University, at a meeting at UNESCO to discuss plans for the fall 2005 training course of the GCI-WMF Iraq Cultural Heritage Conservation Initiative. Photo: Mario Santana Quintero/GCI-WMF Iraq Cultural Heritage Conservation Initiative."

    Photo 3: "At the fall 2005 training course in Amman, Jordan, instructors and SBAH participants discuss forms to be used for the rapid assessment of cultural heritage sites in Iraq. Data from the forms will be compiled in the Iraq Cultural Heritage Sites GIS Database. Photo: Rand Eppich."

    Photo 4: "Training course participants assess conditions at the Bronze and Iron Ages archaeological site of Tall Al-Umayri, Jordan. Photo: David Myers."

    Photo 5: "A course participant from the SBAH practices using a global positioning system unit during the training course. Photo: Rand Eppich."









  • "Archaeologists Teach U.S. Troops Iraq and Afghan Heritage," in Archaeological Institute of America, online, [September 19, 2005]: "The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) announces a new educational program first implemented earlier this year at the Marine Corps base at Camp LeJeune in North Carolina. In the first four months some 2,000 troops en route to Iraq and Afghanistan have benefited from presentations on the archaeology, history and cultural heritage of the region by experts in the field. The AIA plans to expand the program to other military bases in the near future." "... C. Brian Rose, AIA First Vice President. Rose, a distinguished scholar at the University of Pennsylvania who conceived of the program, got the enthusiastic approval of the military, and gave the first lectures. 'In this program we try to send lecturers to the U.S. bases from which the troops will be deployed. The talks cover the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Afghanistan, and provide general overviews of the sites and archaeological discoveries in these areas. ... professors Elise Friedland (Rollins College Florida) and Jodi Magness (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) have also lectured ..."

    Photo: "C. Brian Rose, AIA First Vice President delivers a lecture at Camp LeJeune  (Photo by Corporal Edward Mennenga, Camp LeJeune)"


This site is edited by Belgian archaeologist Francis Deblauwe, Ph.D., living in Streamwood, Illinois (USA), who is affiliated with Archaeos, Inc., and a research associate of the University of Vienna (Austria).