The Iraq War & Archaeology
Reviewed Articles Archive Forty-Four: Second 1/2 of January 2005

This is the forty-fourth archive of the reviewed articles of The Iraq War & Archaeology web site.

Francis Deblauwe, Ph.D.

The articles and other information are listed chronologically, most recent first.
Almost all are accessible for free (or after a free registration) on the internet.  Each time, I try to draw attention to the most relevant tidbits of information, esp. things that were not mentioned before; occasionally, I provide some comment.  The usual warning applies: many links become defective with time.  Inclusion in the list does not in any way mean that I necessarily agree with the opinions expressed in an article.  But for a few exceptions, the occasional photos and figures accompanying reviewed articles are just hotlinked images on other web sites, in other words: do not download them or request permission to publish them from me, for I do not own the copyright to them in any way!  Please do contact the rightful owners if you would like to use them for publication purposes. Finally, for the sake of convenience, all articles and so on are assumed to have been published on US web sites unless indicated otherwise.

  • In an e-mail dated January 28, 2005, Dr. John M. Russell kindly sent me a high-quality version of his photo which was just published by The Art Newspaper (Bailey January 25)

    Photo: [Bailey January 25, 2005 caption:] "An aerial view of Babylon showing the reconstructed Palace of Nebuchadnezzar, the helipad and trailers for military accomodation" [looking east; helipad upper left between the lake and the Ninmah Temple just north of the palace]

  • D.N. Unrath, "Im Angesicht der Wahlen: Situation der Kulturgüter im Irak," in Die Universität (Austria), online, January 26, 2005: mistakingly states that US and Polish soldiers inflicted damage to the archaeological site of Babylon in January 2005: wrong, it was brought to the media's attention at that time (again), the actual events took place before; interview with Friedrich Schipper (Institut für Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft und Biblische Archäologie, Evangelisch-Theologische Fakultät, and Institut für Orientalistik, Universität Wien); the university is assisting in rebuilding the library of the archaeology department of Baghdad University

    All photos: "Fotos: Rafal Kolinski/Universität Wien"

    Photo 1: "Zerstörte Stadtmauer nördlich des Marduk-Tors" [destroyed city wall to the north of the Marduk Gate]

    Photo 2: "Zerstörte Lehmziegelmauer durch Aushebung von Schützengräben." [mud-brick wall destroyed by digging of defensive trenches]

    Photo 3: "Beschädigtes Detail des Ischtar-Tors." [damaged detail of the Ishtar Gate]

  • F.A. Bernstein, "The Safety of Iraqi Objects," in The New York Times, January 23, 2005: "Like actors pushing films and authors reading from their books, museum directors go on tours to promote their renovations. ... It wasn't that different a few weeks ago when Donny George, the director of the Iraq Museum, came to New York to show journalists photos of the museum's recent improvements. At a conference table at the headquarters of the World Monuments Fund, ... about a dozen reporters watched as Mr. George clicked through a presentation of modifications to the museum, ... But there was no architect present, and the changes weren't meant to bring more light to the museum's galleries or to create a dramatic public gathering space. Most involved fortifications: walls, fences, enhanced guard booths, vaults designed to keep art in the building until order is restored to Iraq. ... He said he takes a different route to the museum each day to avoid becoming a target for kidnappers or assassins, adding, 'Every day I say a little prayer.' At most such events, publicists hand out discs with pictures and renderings for publication. But this time, none were forthcoming - for security reasons, photos of the changes to the Iraq Museum (which include false walls to confuse looters) will remain on Mr. George's laptop."

    Photo: "January 19, 2005 - Agence France-Presse"

  • T. Hays, "U.S. Returns 3 Stolen Artifacts to Iraq," in Yahoo! News, online, January 18, 2005: "Three thimble-size artifacts looted from a Baghdad museum and sold on the black market for $200 to a scholar-turned-smuggler [Joseph Braude] were returned Tuesday to the Iraqi government. Department of Homeland Security Assistant Secretary Michael Garcia turned over the Mesopotamian stone seals to Iraq ...'s U.N. Ambassador Samir al-Sumaidaie at a news conference in Manhattan. The relics, ... date to 2340-2180 B.C., ...  Nearly 15,000 items were swiped from the Iraqi National Museum after the U.S. invasion began, al-Sumaidaie said. Roughly half of those items have been located, ..." [there we go again, he's confusing things—or is Hays?—, the 15,000 or so is the estimate of still missing artifacts, the originally stolen total is higher still]; "Last year, Braude pleaded guilty to federal charges of smuggling and making false statements and was sentenced to two years probation." [see Newsday November 23, 2004 and also Fine January 18, 2005]

    Photo: "Tue Jan 18, 5:12 PM ET  -  An Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent shows three recovered Mesopotamian cylindrical seals removed from the Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad, to reporters during a press conference held in New York, Tuesday Jan. 18, 2005. (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews)"

  • W. Ibrahim, "Babylon to remain closed until damage known," in Reuters (UK), online, January 17, 2005: "'We want to know the full facts about Babylon's condition,' Culture Minister Mofeed al-Jazaeri told a news conference on Monday. 'Babylon will stay closed until an international team is formed to determine the damage, document it and recommend what should be done to restore the city.'" "[Polish Defence Minister Jerzy] Szmajdzinski told public radio Jedynka local authorities and archaeologists were consulted over all decisions affecting ancient sites at the base. 'Surely mistakes were made at the beginning, but nobody knows what Babylon was like before the Americans took over. Since arriving, we have carried out full documentation of the site,' he said. The Polish Culture Ministry will soon issue a 500-page report on Babylon, he added." [I can't wait till I see this Polish report]

    Photo: "US marines walk through the remake of the palace of King Nebuchadnezzar in the ancient town of Babylon, in this April 20, 2003 file photo. Babylon -- home to one of the seven wonders of the world -- will remain closed until experts determine how much damage foreign forces had done to the site, Iraq's culture minister says. REUTERS/Jerry Lampen"

This site is edited by Belgian archaeologist Francis Deblauwe, Ph.D., living in Streamwood, Illinois (USA), who is affiliated with Archaeos, Inc., and a research associate of the University of Vienna (Austria).